the Judges.

Category: Writing & Reading | Type: Discussion | Title: Great Expectations (in Context) | Author: Charles Dickens | Ch: Chapter XII

Pip now lives a life consumed by shame and guilt. He associates them with the theft of food, etc. but in fact we've seen they began with his birth into self-awareness. The appearance of the convict only gives him a palpable reason to explain his sense of unworth. Memory makes him a criminal, conscience a prosecutor. And as before the cows were clerics, now he sees the world as peopled by Judges who will sentence him to what he knows he deserves. Such understanding allows us to appreciate why Dickens was both Dostoyevsky's and Freud's favorite English novelist. 

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