the Temple. Our chambers were in Garden-court, down by the river.

Category: Places | Type: Historical | Title: Great Expectations (in Context) | Author: Charles Dickens | Ch: Chapter XXXIX

The name derives from Temple Church, erected by the Knights Templar (Crusaders) as a monument to their dedication to capturing Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem. The Temple was once the administrative home of the Knights Templar. It is essentially in the City and is very close to the north bank of the Thames, south of Fleet Street and midway beween Blackfriars Bridge and Waterloo Bridge. It is also about midway between St. Paul's Church, Newgate, and Old Bailey to the east and Covent Garden to the west. Two of the four Inns of Court are located in the Temple, the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple. The Temple district has been since Medieval times associated with the law.    

The Temple consists of two structures, the Inner and the Middle Temple, in which barristers and solicitors (Search) might live and have their offices and in which apprentice lawyers also lived.  Following the Crusades the Knights Templar were dissolved and replaced by the Knights Hospitaller. Barristers began congregating in the district and living in either the Middle or Inner Temple in the 14th c., and they remained after the Hospitallers left.  

It is important to note the proximity of the Thames to Garden Court, a place within the Temple and so in an area is populated by lawyers.

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