Jane Austen, Mansfield Park: Ch. 2

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Fanny, with all her faults of ignorance and timidity, was fixed at Mansfield Park, and learning to transfer in its favour much of her attachment to her former home, grew up there not unhappily among her cousins. There was no positive ill-nature in Maria or Julia; and though Fanny was often mortified by their treatment of her, she thought too lowly of her own claims to feel injured by it.

From about the time of her entering the family, Lady Bertram, in consequence of a little ill-health, and a great deal of indolence, gave up the house in townh, which she had been used to occupy every spring, and remained wholly in the country, leaving Sir Thomas to attend his duty in Parliament, with whatever increase or diminution of comfort might arise from her absence. In the country, therefore, the Miss Bertrams continued to exercise their memories, practise their duets, and grow tall and womanly: and their father saw them becoming in person, manner, and accomplishments, everything that could satisfy his anxiety. His eldest son was careless and extravagant, and had already given him much uneasiness; but his other children promised him nothing but good. His daughters, he felt, while they retained the name of Bertram, must be giving it new grace, and in quitting it, he trusted, would extend its respectable alliances; and the character of Edmund, his strong good sense and uprightness of mind, bid most fairly for utility, honour, and happiness to himself and all his connexions. He was to be a clergyman.

Amid the cares and the complacency which his own children suggested, Sir Thomas did not forget to do what he could for the children of Mrs. Price: he assisted her liberally in the education and disposal of her sons as they became old enough for a determinatew pursuit; and Fanny, though almost totally separated from her family, was sensible of the truest satisfaction in hearing of any kindness towards them, or of anything at all promising in their situation or conduct. Once, and once only, in the course of many years, had she the happiness of being with William. Of the rest she saw nothing: nobody seemed to think of her ever going amongst them again, even for a visit, nobody at home seemed to want her; but William determining, soon after her removal, to be a sailor, was invited to spend a week with his sister in Northamptonshire before he went to seah. Their eager affection in meeting, their exquisite delight in being together, their hours of happy mirth, and moments of serious conference, may be imagined; as well as the sanguinew views and spirits of the boy even to the last, and the misery of the girl when he left her. Luckily the visit happened in the Christmas holidays, when she could directly look for comfort to her cousin Edmund; and he told her such charming things of what William was to do, and be hereafter, in consequence of his profession, as made her gradually admit that the separation might have some use. Edmund's friendship never failed her: his leaving Etonh for Oxfordh made no change in his kind dispositions, and only afforded more frequent opportunities of proving them. Without any display of doing more than the rest, or any fear of doing too much, he was always true to her interests, and considerate of her feelings, trying to make her good qualities understood, and to conquer the diffidence which prevented their being more apparent; giving her advice, consolation, and encouragement.

Kept back as she was by everybody else, his single support could not bring her forward; but his attentions were otherwise of the highest importance in assisting the improvement of her mind, and extending its pleasures. He knew her to be clever, to have a quick apprehension as well as good sense, and a fondness for reading, which, properly directed, must be an education in itself. Miss Lee taught her French, and heard her read the daily portion of history; but he recommended the books which charmed her leisure hours, he encouraged her taste, and corrected her judgment: he made reading useful by talking to her of what she read, and heightened its attraction by judicious praise. In return for such services she loved him better than anybody in the world except William: her heart was divided between the two.d

X [h] gave up the house in town

Class

Some affluent "country" or "county" families, especially the aristocracy, owned or leased a house in "town" (London) for the season, which began in November but often in December after another season, shooting and fox hunting, ended in mid-December, and ran until Parliament adjourned in May. 

X [w] determinate

Determined upon, chosen.

X [h] before he went to sea

Military

Austen's two younger brothers, on whom William is modelled, left home for the naval training school in Portsmouth at 14 and 12. Childhood was brief, and the poorer the briefer. 

Jane Austen's father, well-educated himself, seems to have been the embodiment as a parent of much that was most enlightened in the later 18…

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X [w] sanguine

Hopeful, cheerful.

X [h] Eton

Education

One of England's oldest and most illustrious public schools, which for Americans is a major private or preparatory school.

X [h] Oxford

Education

Less responsive to the sciences and mathematics and more conservatively Anglican than Cambridge, Oxford was the origin in a quarter-century of the Tractarian or Oxford Movement, which sought to revive intellectually and spiritually the Church of England. 

X [d] she loved him better than anybody in the worl…

Love & Marriage

The importance of this and the prior paragraph, magnified by being the chapter's last two, rests in Edmund's teaching Fanny to be "true to her interests." While Austen makes primary the public over the private world she has learned also directly or indirectly from Shaftesbury (Search) that a just, proportional balance between self-interest and benevolence must be reached.…

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