Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice: Ch. 5

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Chapter 5

Within a short walk of Longbourn lived a family with whom the Bennets were particularly intimate. Sir William Lucash had been formerly in trade in Meryton, where he had made a tolerable fortune, and risen to the honour of knighthood by an address to the king during his mayoralty. The distinction had perhaps been felt too strongly. It had given him a disgust to his business, and to his residence in a small market town; and, in quitting them both, he had removed with his family to a house about a mile from Meryton, denominated from that period Lucas Lodged, where he could think with pleasure of his own importance, and, unshackled by business, occupy himself solely in being civil to all the world. For, though elated by his rank, it did not render him supercilious; on the contrary, he was all attention to everybody. By nature inoffensive, friendly, and obliging, his presentation at St. James's had made him courteous.

Lady Lucas was a very good kind of woman, not too clever to be a valuable neighbour to Mrs. Bennet. They had several children. The eldest of themh, a sensible, intelligent young woman, about twenty-seven, was Elizabeth's intimate friend.

That the Miss Lucases and the Miss Bennets should meet to talk over a ball was absolutely necessary; and the morning after the assembly brought the former to Longbourn to hear and to communicate.

"You began the evening well, Charlotte," said Mrs. Bennet with civil self-command to Miss Lucas. "You were Mr. Bingley's first choice."

"Yes; but he seemed to like his second better."

"Oh! you mean Jane, I suppose, because he danced with her twice. To be sure that did seem as if he admired her—indeed I rather believe he did—I heard something about it—but I hardly know what—something about Mr. Robinson."

"Perhaps you mean what I overheard between him and Mr. Robinson; did not I mention it to you? Mr. Robinson's asking him how he liked our Meryton assemblies, and whether he did not think there were a great many pretty women in the room, and which he thought the prettiest? and his answering immediately to the last question: 'Oh! the eldest Miss Bennet, beyond a doubt; there cannot be two opinions on that point.'"

"Upon my word! Well, that is very decided indeed—that does seem as if—but, however, it may all come to nothing, you know."

"My overhearings were more to the purpose than yours, Elizad," said Charlotte. "Mr. Darcy is not so well worth listening to as his friend, is he?—poor Eliza!—to be only just tolerable."

"I beg you would not put it into Lizzy's head to be vexed by his ill-treatment, for he is such a disagreeable man, that it would be quite a misfortune to be liked by him. Mrs. Long told me last night that he sat close to her for half-an-hour without once opening his lips."

X [h] Sir William Lucas


Not all knights were created equal, though this does not prevent Sir William's feeling "too strongly" his minor and fleeting distinction. And not all titles are anything but nominally superior to a commoner such as Darcy.

In rapid order we are given three levels of gentry. Sir William Lucas, the only titled one, is the least in significance though he rejoices in the "pleasure of his own importance...." …

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X [d] Lucas Lodge


Knighted, Sir Lucas promptly bought himself a house in the country and named it, capturing the alliteration, Lucas Lodge. A lodge was the house that stood at the portals to an estate, such as Kellynch Lodge in Northanger Abbey.

Lucas Lodge (a comically self-important appellation) is about a mile from Longbourn, the Bennet's estate, the name ("bourn" or "bourne," from Old French, be…

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X [h] The eldest of them

Twenty-seven, and the never expansive window of marriage closing rapidly.

X [d] Eliza

Lizzy, Elizabeth, Eliza—the variety indicates her flair and shimmering personality that encourage people to see her differently.